he Freedom Fighters of India were individuals who fought for our freedom and who actively participated in our national movement in India to get rid of all the colonies established in India, in the name of the trade, and for other purposes.
There were many types of people who settled in India like Dutch, Portuguese, English, French, Turkish, and many others.
The main problem was with the British, they started trading and after some time saw the opportunity and founded the East India Company. They had the power to rule in India under the charter granted by Queen Elizabeth. They treated the Indians as their slaves for a long period of time, for centuries.
Our Indian freedom fighters opposed this and fought against them. Mahatma Gandhi is the father of our nation who stood strong and achieved freedom by showing the direction for many other freedom fighters and the people of the country to take active participation in the freedom movement.
There were only a few national leaders who got attention in the freedom movement so, we tried to cover as many people as possible who have contributed or sacrificed their lives for us who have been neglected to appear on the frontier. We salute them!
Hansraj Ahir Minister of State responded to a question raised in Rajya Sabha said: India still has 37,356 freedom fighters living and receiving a pension of 594.81 crores of rupees.
1. Mahatma Gandhi
- Full Name: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
- Born: 2 October 1869, Porbandar
- Died: 30 January 1948, New Delhi
- Spouse: Kasturba Gandhi (m. 1883–1944)
Mahatma Gandhi was a great freedom fighter and an influential person for the people of India after an incident occurred while he was traveling by train in South Africa.
He played a leading role in India’s struggle for independence. Mahatma Gandhi helped to free India from British rule. Gandhiji had 2 big weapons with him; Truth and nonviolence.
2. Subhas Chandra Bose
- Full Name: Subhas Chandra Bose
- Born: 23 January 1897, Cuttack
- Died: 18 August 1945, Taipei, Taiwan
- Spouse: Emilie Schenkl (m. 1937–1945)
Subhas Chandra Bose has continuously fought after the violent movement against the British regime for independence. He left Congress even after becoming president of Congress in 1939, due to political differences with Mahatma Gandhi.
He created his own Indian National Party called Azad Hind Fauj, one of the great and powerful forces fighting against the British government. His death is still mysterious.
3. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
- Full Name: Jawaharlal Nehru
- Born: 14 November 1889, Prayagraj
- Died: 27 May 1964, New Delhi
- Spouse: Kamala Nehru (m. 1916–1936)
In India, many people were born great and Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was one of them. He was the person who had great vision, honesty, hard work, sincerity, patriotism, and intellectual powers which helped in planning strategically against the British.
He became the first prime minister of independent India, so he is named the architect of modern India.
4. Tilka Manjhi
- Full Name: Baba Tilka Majhi
- Born: 11 February 1750, Sultanganj
- Died: 1785, Bhagalpur
Tilka Manjhi was the first Adivasi leader to take up arms against the British in 1784, some 100 years earlier than Mangal Pandey. He organized the Adivasis to form an armed group to fight against the hoarding of resources and the exploitation of the British.
In 1784 he was caught then tied him to a ponytail and dragged him to the collector’s house in Bhagalpur, Bihar. There he was hanged to a Banyan tree.
5. Sucheta Kriplani
- Full Name: Sucheta Kripalani
- Born: 25 June 1904, Ambala
- Died: 1 December 1974, New Delhi
- Spouse: J. B. Kripalani (m. 1938–1974)
Sucheta Kriplani a great women freedom fighter, and was greatly inspired by the work of Mahatma Gandhi and in 1946 she joined Kasturba Gandhi Memorial Trust as secretary of the organization. In her last years, she started working with Gandhi Ji.
Even after independence, she worked for the weakest sectors of society and actively participates in the development of the Indians.
6. Taraknath Das
- Full Name: Taraknath Das
- Born: 15 June 1884, Kanchrapara
- Died: 22 December 1958, New York, New York, United States
- Spouse: Mary Morse (m. 1924)
Taraknath Das is the founder of the Indian Independence League, which is carried out with the active participation of Panduranga Khankoje. He even received funds to launch his newspaper called Free Hindustan, published in English.
His newspaper, Free Hindustan, was an anti-British organization that led to the formation of the Gadar party and encouraged the people.
7. Surendranath Banerjee
- Full Name: Surendranath Banerjee
- Born: 10 November 1848, Kolkata
- Died: 6 August 1925, Barrackpore
Surendranath Banerjee was selected for the Civil Services of India in 1896 but was fired for controversial reasons. He also distinguished himself as a journalist by launching powerful press campaigns, particularly through his newspaper Bengalee to spread nationalist sentiments across the country.
He played an important role in the Swadeshi movement and in the movements launched against the partition of Bengal.
8. Ullaskar Dutta
- Full Name: Ullaskar Dutta
- Born: 16 April 1885, Brahmanbaria District, Bangladesh
- Died: 17 May 1965, Kolkata
Professor Russell, one of the British professors, made offensive comments about the Bengali community. Ullaskar Dutta could not keep calm before this insult and ended up attacking the professor.
He was a member of the Jugantar party and became an expert in bomb-making. Khudiram Bose used a bomb made by Ullaskar and Hem Chandra Das to try to assassinate a brutal magistrate, Kingsford. Later was captured and prisoned for several years.
9. Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, and Sukhdev
- Full Name: Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru, Sukhdev Thapar
- Born: 1907 Banga, 1908 Rajgurunagar, 1908 Ludhiana
- Died: 23 March 1931, Lahore, Pakistan
Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, and Sukhdev, the group of friends involved in the revolutionary activities to create fear for the British and killed a British officer, and they were arrested.
On 23rd March 1931 Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, and Sukhdev were hanged but their last word inspires us even today “Inquilab Zindabad”. Having such daring moves at a young age made us remember even today.
10. Sarat Chandra Bose
- Full Name: Sarat Chandra Bose
- Born: 6 September 1889, Cuttack
- Died: 20 February 1950, Kolkata
- Spouse: Bivabati Devi
Sarat Chandra Bose was an Indian freedom fighter and also the elder brother of Subhas Chandra Bose. He was the head of the National Congress of India in the Central Legislative Assembly.
He helped enormously to form the National Army of India, which was then led by his brother Subhas Chandra Bose. After independence, Sarat Chandra Bose directed the Forward block, formed by his brother.