Jharkhand has the biggest coal Reserve.
Coal is the most important and abundant fossil fuel in India. Coal accounts for approximately 55% of the country’s energy needs. Coal mining in India began in 1774 when commercial exploitation of Raniganj Coalfileds (West Bengal) was started by East India Company. India has the fifth largest coal reserve in the world after the USA, Russia, China and Australia, and it is the fourth largest coal producer in the world after China, USA and Australia. India is the third largest coal consumer in the world after China and the USA.
In India, approximately 301.6 billion tonnes of coal reserve has been estimated, out of which over 260 billion tonnes is non-cooking coal – mainly used in power generation, cement production and fertilizer production.
Jharkhand tops the list of coal reserve with an estimated reserve of 80,716 million tonnes. Jharia Mines in Dhanbad district is one of the main coal mines of the state. Magadh mines in Chatra district is expected to be Asia’s biggest coal mine by 2019-20.
With an estimated reserve of 75,073 million tonnes, Odisha is the second biggest coal reserve state. Major coal mines are there in Angul and Jharsuguda districts of the state.
Chhattisgarh comes at the third position in terms of coal reserve with an estimated reserve of 52,533 million tonnes. Korba coalfields is the major coalfield of the state.
An estimated 638.05 million tonnes of coal was produced in India in the year 2015-16. In terms of coal production, state of Chhattisgarh tops the list with 127.095 million tonnes. Jharkhand comes at the second place with 113.014 million tonnes whereas Odisha comes at the third place with 112.917 million tonnes.